cover of Robin: A Hero Reborn

It’s really interesting to think about how quickly the world changes around us. Whether we’re talking about popular culture, politics, or technology, things are constantly moving. The media produced during any given time period tends to reflect this; things produced today have up-to-date smartphones, fashion, and cars, and current sentiments are reflected in the story lines. This isn’t a new phenomenon, so when we look at media produced twenty years ago, we get a snapshot of those same things from that time period. Comics are especially good at this, because they’re consistently released on a monthly basis. They evolve as they continue, showing us a constant stream of snapshots.

I recently found a copy of Robin: A Hero Reborn at a used bookstore and picked it up, figuring that reading about the very beginning of Tim Drake’s run as Robin would make for a fun afternoon. The story is an excellent read, and though I was expecting it to be a little dated – it was released in 1991 – I was surprised at just how much you can glean about the time period from reading just eight issues.


cover of Robin: A Hero Reborn
Robin: A Hero Reborn. It’s all very dramatic.

The Batman side of the story focuses on Tim actually earning the title of Robin. The case in the story involves a string of murders committed by random people throughout Gotham, none of whom are connected by more than the mask they wear to commit the crime. Bruce puts off the investigation to attend the funeral of Janet Drake, Tim’s recently deceased mother, and we get a nice scene of everyone supporting Tim in his time of need. After the funeral, Batman heads out to investigate, ordering an emotionally compromised Tim to stay behind.

panel from Batman #455
Batman #455: If Tim goes out to help, Bruce will never let him be Robin.

Tim doesn’t love the idea, but he decides that if he stays in the Batcave and figures out the mastermind from there, Bruce will see that he can really be Robin. We then get a montage of Tim the Tiny Detective interspersed with Batman going into a trap and pretty much getting the crap kicked out of him by Scarecrow, who planned the murders for shaky story reasons. Tim disobeys the order to stay in the Cave and rescues Bruce, knowing as he leaves that his disobedience means that Bruce will never let him be Robin. He saves Bruce, a hostage, and the day in general, and Bruce admits that every once in a while, the heroes get to break the rules in order to do the right thing.

panel from Batman #457
Batman #457: And now it’s official.

The Robin miniseries follows Tim as he travels to Europe to train with a world-renowned martial artist. He spends some time with the trainer before predictably finding trouble that no Robin could ever ignore. He ends up making himself known to the Ghost Dragons, a gang with ties to King Snake, a somewhat major villain. Tim leaves his training and joins rogue DEA agent Clyde Rawlins and recurring Batman mostly-enemy Lady Shiva as they track King Snake and the Ghost Dragons all over Eurasia. Tim ends up learning a lot of martial arts from Shiva, including how to use a bo staff, which is still his weapon of choice today. The series ends with Tim foiling King Snake’s plans, thereby making an enemy of the Ghost Dragons for life.

The first thing that reminded me that I was reading an older comic is probably the most obvious: the art is very dated. Comic book art has always had a very distinctive style, but that style has evolved over the years. The art from the early 90s isn’t much more detailed than art from a decade before that, and it still uses the typical four-color printing that was common throughout most of comics’ history. The process leads to a lot of art that, while good for the purposes of the story, isn’t quite up to what we’re used to today.

panel from Robin #1
Robin #1: We’re really very spoiled nowadays.

You can also see in the panel above that the lettering is blocky and a little unclear. It varies wildly from page to page, which is something else that’s indicative of the time – lettering tends to be more consistent in current comics, and I haven’t seen anything published in the last decade or so that was so fuzzy and garbled that I had to put concerted effort into figuring out what it said.

One of the biggest initial changes from Jason Todd’s Robin to Tim’s is the costume. Jason pretty much got shoved into Dick’s old costume, but when Tim puts on his costume for the first time, it’s drastically different. It’s a reaction to the way Jason died, yes, but it’s also a reflection of the times; people were starting to talk about kid sidekicks in gritty books, and Robin’s complete lack of protection – and a costume that looked like a target than anything else – were major offenders. The original Robin costume featured a bright yellow cape, shoes that were essentially booties, and a sincere lack of anything that could be called pants. The new costume, while clearly a nod to the original model, offers a lot more protection.

panel from Batman #457
Batman #457: Tim’s cape is dark on the outside and it protects his neck, his gauntlets look like more than cotton gloves, and he gets boots that could theoretically contain steel in the toe to help him on the street. Also, pants.

The fashion choices outside of the costuming are also telling. Tim’s casual attire places him firmly in the early 90s:

panel from Robin #1
Robin #1: Collared shirt beneath a baggy sweater. Also, the haircut.

Shen Chi, one of the trainers that Tim ditched for Shiva, has a fairly impressive mullet, a leather jacket, and a popped collar:

panel from Robin #1
Robin #1: As mullets go, it’s a nice one.

Lady Shiva rocks a pantsuit/trench coat combo in a color that I can’t name:

panel from Robin #2
Robin #2: Is it purple? Is it pink?

The most fascinating thing that I noticed, though, was the technology. I’m always a little fuzzy on the details of the history of personal computing; for whatever reason, I always think that developments are much more recent than they actually are. Personal computers were first sold in the mid-1970s, and by the early 80s, the first laptops became available. I remember having a laptop similar to Tim’s in the late 90s, but here he is in 1991 with a laptop that has a color screen and everything:

panel from Robin #3
Robin #3: Tim’s sleek, stylish laptop.

Sure, it’s bulky and boxy compared to today’s machines, but that was cutting-edge technology when this book came out. Given how the tech in Batman titles tends to work, that might even be ahead of the curve for the time.

I also tend to think that the Internet in much newer than it is. Its popularity has really grown in leaps and bounds in the past fifteen to twenty years, but it’s been around in academic circles since the mid-80s, and began to be available in other settings in the very early 90s. We get a reminder of this in the first issue of the miniseries, when Tim is talking about his skills:

panel from Robin #1
Robin #1: He’s a hacker. That was a skill that Batman didn’t have at the time.

Overall, Robin: A Hero Reborn is an interesting trip back in time. It’s easy to see some of the influence that the time period had on the book, and it’s interesting to look back now and see what 1991 had to offer. It does beg the question, though: in twenty years, what will we point to in today’s comics? What will be dated then? What’s going to make us laugh?

All I can say is, I hope it’s not the return of the mullet.

Robin: A Hero Reborn. Written by Alan Grant and Chuck Dixon; art by Norm Breyfogle and Tom Lyle. Published 1991; collects Batman #455-457 and the original Robin mini-series (#1-5). Find it on Amazon.

Comments? Questions? Leave a reply! I’ll be happy to talk comics with you.

By Kari Woodrow

Kari read her first comic at the age of nine – her brother's much-abused copy of Archie - and promptly forgot about it. Now, nearly two decades later, she has rediscovered the genre and has yet to look back. She enjoys some Marvel comics, but her heart lives in the DC universe.

5 thoughts on “Comics Time Capsule: 1991 (Robin: A Hero Reborn)”
  1. “Sometimes I go to the video arcade” – I was pretty young in 1991, but I never remember calling them anything other than arcades. It’d be like saying “Sometimes I play Personal Computer games”.

    This was a neat idea to explore. It’s interesting to see that as late as 1991 they were still using the grey bat costume in the comics. I don’t know why, but it looks cheesier on the comic page than it did in Batman: The Animated Series.

    Also, you just reminded me of how annoyed I am that they changed it in the N52 so that Tim was always Red Robin, not Robin.

    1. I had that same reaction to “computer hacker” – I laughed that they felt the need to identify that. It was definitely fun to explore this 🙂

      I’m still annoyed by the changes in the Nu52… the Batfamily did not fare well in the reboot, sadly. 🙁

  2. Your exploration of the tech of the time also reminds me of a pretty famous article on the net of how there are about 10 or so episodes of Seinfeld that wouldn’t make sense because of technology today – especially cell phones. There are just too many plots that rely on the characters not being able to instantly contact each other. I don’t have too many old comics – perhaps about 20 or so, but I wonder which of those have plots dependent on tech we now have. And what will my daughter think of my comics when she grows older. “Dad, whey didn’t they use their Google Glass to identify each other?” Or some such thing.

    1. Most of my older comics are digital, which is nice for reading purposes because I don’t have to worry about hurting them by reading, lol. A lot of the older plot lines seem hilarious now because of how dated they are, but it’s really fun to look back and see how things have changed. And you’re right – I almost want to go through and make a list of things that might be outdated in another 20 years and put it in my longbox – “check the computers in this one in 2034.”

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