Wonder Woman #8Wonder Woman #8
panel from Batman #15
Does violence need violence as an answer?

When my wife and I were thinking about daycare for our daughter we visited a lot of centers and got their welcome packets. One of them mentioned that kids were not allowed to have back packs, lunch boxes, or t-shirts with characters from shows in which characters primarily used violence to solve their problems. Examples given included Power Rangers, Batman, and other super heroes. It’s funny – I’d read comics off and on since I was in elementary school and I’d spent a lot of time watching super hero cartoons and movies. But I never consciously realized that the characters primarily used violence to solve their problems. It’s pretty noble that any heroes who aren’t anti-heroes never kill in the course of their actions, but they’re still pretty violent. What message does this send?

panel from Batman #612
Even heroes hit each OTHER sometimes

Before I go any further, I’ll gladly concede that these are comic book characters- drawings. Additionally, comic books are fantasies – they contain marvelous super heroes and deeply dangerous villains, both often imbued with fantastical powers. However, it’s no surprise to anyone who does critical media reading that comics books, like all media, are a reflection of society. As works of fiction they can function in the same way that science fiction does – mirroring our world to us and allowing us to deal with discrimination against mutants instead of African Americans or LGBT members or deal with ideas like vigilantism or corporate greed. It’s a safe space to explore new ideas in which the author can take you in any direction and a good writer shows that real life is grey – sometimes in winning, the heroes are actually losing or giving up a great deal. Much ink and many electrons have been expended on the idea that Super Hero comics, in particular, are our modern day mythologies and there are many comparisons to be made between the Greek and Roman stories and our Super Hero comics. Finally they are there to entertain us and violence can be quite entertaining as evidenced by all the violence in story telling from the ancient times until now.

Action Comics Vol 1 #1 - Superman is a jerk
Superman breaking doors and being a violent jerk

So what do these stories tell us? In a sense, they tell us that violence is the last resort – the only way to get things done when others won’t listen to reason. If confronted with villains you only have one resource – to punch them out. And, if you think about it, that’s pretty self-evident in Superman’s initial power set. He’s essentially the oldest surviving Super Hero from the earliest days of comics. What is his power set? It’s focused on strength. He can run fast, he can jump high, he is nearly invulnerable to physical attacks, and he can break any doors in his way. Who knows what other powers he may have had in the nearly infinite reboots since then, but initially he didn’t have any super-thinking powers. The ads in Action Comics were about helping 90 pound weaklings get stronger to be able to acquire and keep their girlfriends. Moving up 30+ years and to Marvel, what is Wolverine if not the embodiment of the perfect super power set for violence? He has unbreakable knives in his hands and, given enough time, he can heal from any physical attacks. Again, he’s a common man – any wisdom he has come from having lived for 100+ years.


AvX: Consequences #1 - awesome art on Wolverine
Half of Wolverine’s natural weapons

So what would be the alternative? Well, on the one hand – given Charles Xavier’s (Professor X) considerable powers, he could have simply entered the minds of nearly every villain and just made them stop. Of course, that would have made for a potentially boring comic book which is why they have Magneto, their principle enemy, wear the anti-Professor X helmet. What would a comic look like if it didn’t have any violence? I have no idea! I’ve never read one. Even the lifestyle manga I’ve been featuring here on Comic POW!, Love Hina, posits violence as the response for Keitaro’s sexual infractions, even when they’re unintentional. Fables, a comic about Fairy Tale characters in the real world? Well, take a look:

Fables 1 - Rose Red is Dead

For a while I was thinking of mentioning Deathnote. Even if you’re not into manga, I’d recommend it because the story is primarily a series of mind games as the main character and a detective, who are both genius-level intellects, spar mentally. Surely, here’s an example of a comic without violence – the entire series is a series of one-up attempts at obfuscating their true motives in order to keep from getting caught or killed. The main characters don’t ever hit each other (or maybe only do it once over the course of a very long story). But then I remembered what the story was about! The main character finds the Deathnote, a notebook used by spiritual demons called Shinigami and by writing someone’s name on there they control who dies and how. The main character decides to use this power for good (ultimately) by killing all the criminals and scaring people into behaving correctly. There’s the violence and the theory of the book – without the threat of ultimate violence (the death penalty), humanity will not behave itself. In essence he’s counting on the same idea as Batman – fear – but he’s willing to kill.

In the real world we don’t have super villains but psychopaths can come pretty close. Still, we frown upon violence inflicted on them during the capture phase and only a few states would kill them for their crimes. So is there room for non-violent comics? And would they still entertain us? Are we just not thinking outside the box? Or is violence the only way?

6 thoughts on “Is Violence the Only Way?”
  1. Most if not all of the comics that I’m reading right now have a moderate to heavy amount of violence in them. However, I think this is more a reflection of media at large than it is of comics. Take a look at television, where things like Law & Order or NCIS are popular; movies with fight scenes and explosions tend to pull in the big audiences. James Patterson is one of the more successful authors that I can think of off the top of my head. A lot of video games are also based in violence.

    The basic parts of the story involve a main character, a conflict, and a resolution. A lot of times, the “conflict” part is some sort of violent interaction. Even a lot of children’s media follows this model, though it might be toned down for the audience – but if you think about it, the conflict in Tom & Jerry is violent. It’s violent in the Roadrunner cartoons. A lot of animated movies involve someone threatening violence against someone else.

    Violence is pervasive. It doesn’t have to be the focal point of the story, but it often is. At this point, if we want comics to change on this, we’d have to affect change in a lot of other places to make it stick. It would be nice to have more media that wasn’t focused around violence… but finding that sort of balance would be extremely difficult.

    1. Yeah, in some ways that was my reaction – what can kids watch if they can’t watch anything with violence. And, as you mention, it’s a key part of how conflict is resolved in media – yet it is clearly not a valid path to take in reality. So it’d be interesting to see some creativity in how conflicts are solved. That said, media is escape and fantasy so maybe it’s the one place we allow ourselves violent fantasies?

      1. I’d agree with that. It’s not that popular media can’t tell a story where the conflict is negotiated without violence, but while that’s a refreshing break from the norm, if everything was navigated the way it is in real life then media would get boring very quickly. Like you said, it’s meant as escapism and fantasy. I’d rather sit down with a comic that shows vigilantes out getting justice than something taking place in a realistically-rendered HR conflict resolution department.

  2. Azumanga Daioh? There’s not really any violence in that.

    Actually, Japan has a not-insignificant non-violent number of comics. Kids on the Slope, Hikaru no Go, Prince of Tennis, etc.

    You also should check out Daytripper. If I’m not mistaken, it’s not a violence-laden comic at all, but I might be misremembering.

    1. Have you forgotten the evil cat (kamineko) that’s always biting Sakaki?!?! Poor thing!

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